Psychology 101: Rare Disorders

A lot of us know what mental disorders are and how it affects people along with others surrounding them. Some examples of these mental health conditions are obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, bipolar disorders, general depression, and so on. However, for every well-known diagnosis, there are a handful of other conditions that represent it individually. But psychology contains a lot of topics that even the field can’t seem to explain. Some of these mental conditions still haven’t achieved notoriety, although a doctor already makes a diagnosis.


Bizarre Psychological Conditions

Fregoli Delusion – The condition gets associated with schizophrenia due to its delusional qualities. However, for a specific description, it is where patients believe another individual who is in disguise as someone else is hunting them. They tend to withdraw themselves from people, friends, and family, due to the belief that these individuals only bring harm. In unfortunate instances, the condition leads to assaulting those misidentified familiar people too.

Split Brain – It is a mental condition where corpus callosum or the brain’s bundle of nerves connecting the left and right hemisphere of the brain gets cut. Though usually, the cutting appears required to prevent any epileptic seizures from occurring. However, if not properly administered, it can result in complications. These include problem in information processing, issues with physical function, and even obtaining a split personality.


Dissociative Identity Disorder – It is one of the most common mental disorders, and people know it as multiple personality disorder. It is a condition where patients cycle between different personalities which often enter a feud state. That is especially when they can’t remember anything that happened at a particular moment. Usually, individuals experiencing this type of disorder are capable of segregating each of their emotional and mental states from one character to the other.

Stendhal Syndrome – Stendhal syndrome is a psychosomatic illness where the mind influences the body to create or worsen the state of a condition. The symptoms of the disorder involve increased heartbeat, confusion, disorientation, fainting, dizziness, and hallucinations. That is every time patients get presented with artwork or objects of emotional significance and with great beauty.

Cotard’s Syndrome – The condition is most known as Cotard’s delusion. Patients with this type of disorder stick to the belief that they already died. In different cases, some people with this condition even request for their funeral. Usually, this condition works alongside other mental health disorders such as depression and schizophrenia.

Lima Syndrome – Lima syndrome is the better-known opposite of the Stockholm syndrome. It is where the abductors sympathize and identify with their hostage victim. Patients with this condition who take people forcibly are often just seeking for emotional and psychological advice. They usually do not harm their victims and often attempt to make friends with them. Lima syndrome creates an uncomfortable feeling where the engagement of abductors and hostage victims becomes tolerable.


Triskaidekaphobia – It is a mental condition associated with phobias, specifically related to the fear of the number 13. The mental illness can induce panic attacks and often supports a wide variety of disorders such as depression. There is a buildup of limits in both systematic and logical way of thinking for patients. Luckily, the anxiety only arises in certain circumstances and does not hugely affect people’s daily lives.

Alice In Wonderland Syndrome – It is a strangely named disorder that entails a significant set of condition where patients believe in the constant distortion of body and time, like in Alice in Wonderland. Patients with mental illness believe that their body is growing and shrinking frequently. In some events, it affects people’s sense of hearing, touch, as well as vision. The condition also associates nausea, migraine, dizziness, and agitation.

Reduplicative Paramnesia – The condition states a variety of delusion that is related to the brain damage of a stroke. It is where patients believe that a familiar place, such as their home, gets duplicated or relocated to a different site. People with this condition conclude that things can simultaneously exist in two or more places regardless of its impossibility. Though there are now cases of the disorder, people still refer to it as confusion where it is an organic state, rather than being considered as a psychiatric cause.

Jumping Frenchmen Of Maine – It is still one of the unclassified disorders diagnosed in French-Canadian lumberjacks who allocate unusually strong reactions to surprises. It means that anything sudden can make these people jump uncontrollably. Patients sometimes experience a random burst of mimic cry. In some cases, it makes people suddenly obey even the smallest commands.

Our brain is entirely one of the most amazingly complicated things that ever existed. With its vast amount of functions, we can expect more unidentified disorders that can affect it.